|Roulette, The Game
The American roulette wheel contains 38 pockets,
one marked zero, another double zero, which are colored green and
directly opposite each other on the wheel design. The European wheel
features a single zero. There are 18 black and 18 red numbers. The
table layout might be called the road map for the game.
It contains all the numbers appearing on the wheel and are arranged
to offer a variety of bets.
Players make bets by placing cheques (chips)
of various denominations on the layout.
Each roulette table has its own supply of cheques, customarily six
different colors. This eliminates confusion about whose chips have
been wagered on the layout. The varying chip colors allow each player
to have his or her own supply of cheques of one color; with that
color assigned to that player until he or she leaves the game.
Roulette chips have no value when not in
use. Chips have only a money value after the player
purchases them and are sold, by the dealer in stacks of 20.
All tables have minimum bet requirements.
This means even if you were playing with low-valued chips, it would
be necessary to bet a minimum number of them per decision or roll.
For example, in a $1 table minimum game, you are required to place
a minimum of $5 in cheques on the inside of the layout ranging from
1-36. When in doubt, ask the dealer.
After a player has finished his table play, he will cash in roulette
chips to the dealer who in turn will exchange them for the regular
casino chips. Casino chips may then be turned in for cash at the
On the American double-zero wheel, a straight
up bet on one number pays 35 to 1. If this bet would be even, that
is, with no House percentage, the winning bet should pay 37-1. But
with a zero and double zero on the wheel, the House advantage is
5.26 per cent and approximately half of that on the European wheel.
Let us look at the various types of bets
available for the roulette player:
The two-number or split bet pays off at 17-1. To wager on two numbers
at the same time, the player must put his check on the line which
separates the two numbers.
A three-way bet may be made on either 0, 00 and 2 (they are connected
on the layout for simple chip placement) or on any three numbers
on the layout. Winning bets pay 11-1.
A four number bet (also called a corner bet) may be made by placing
a check on the corner covering four numbers. A winning wager here
pays of at 8-1.
There is a five-number bet, which would cover 0, 00, 1, 2 and 3,
which pays off at 6-1, but since this is the only bet which gives
the House almost an 8 per cent advantage, it is not a recommended
One may also place a six-number bet (also
called a six line or line bet). It pays off at 5-1.
There are also dozens (by thirds on the layout, 1-12, 13-24, 24-36)
and column row bets. On the layout, each dozen may be played by
placing checks in the appropriate box. Dozens pay off at 2-1, with
the column bet paying 2-1 as well.
Many players enjoy what are called even money proposition bets-the
outside as against other bets (which were inside
The following wagers pay off at even money:
Odd, Even, High (19-36), Low (1-18), Red, Black.
If you are wondering about the personnel
operating or supervising the roulette wheel, here are some quick
Most roulette wheels with a single layout are worked by two croupiers.
The croupier spins the wheel and deals the game and is called the
wheel roller or dealer. In some place, depending on the amount of
action and table minimums, he/she is assisted by a croupier. In
essence, the dealer controls the conduct of the game including selling
chips to players; spinning the wheel; throwing the ball; announcing
winners; collecting losing bets and paying winners.
The croupier separates (mucks) and stacks
losing chips which have been taken off the layout. Chips are stacked
in piles of 20 of the same color and placed in a chip rack on the
apron of the table.
You can start betting on the layout immediately
after all bets from the previous spin have been collected and paid.
Usually you can continue to bet until the ball begins to drop and
the dealer calls out No more bets. Sometimes if you
bet too late, your wager will be returned to you whether or not
the bet wins or loses.
The usual procedure is for the dealer to
announce the winning number as soon as the ball lands in a numbered
slot. The dealer may point to the winning number or place a clear
plastic tube on that winning number. Outside bets are usually paid
off first, then inside bets. At that point, the hand is over and
new betting may commence as soon as the marker denoting the winning
number is removed by the dealer from the table.
Remember winning bets are normally left right
on the layout. It is the responsibility of the player to collect
those bets left on the layout plus those payoffs from winning outside
bets before the dealer announces No more bets once again.
If the player is not alert, by accident, those chips left on the
layout will be considered wagers on the next spin.